Behavior and Learning Intervention Services

About ABA

ABA is a research based method that aims to make a meaningful and positive change in socially significant behavior. ABA achieves this by observing events that precede and follow a specific behavior. This information allows the therapist to create a path toward decreasing problematic behavior and increasing desired behavior. Behavior Analysts use data-based decision making to improve behaviors such as communication, self-help, play, academic, and social skills and decrease challenging behaviors such as tantrums, aggression, self-injury and property destruction. ABA is considered an evidence-based best practice treatment by the US Surgeon General and by the American Psychological Association. Evidence-based means that ABA has passed scientific tests of its usefulness, quality, and effectiveness (Autism Speaks).

Commonly used terms:

Positive Reinforcement:
providing an item or activity after a behavior occurs to increase the likelihood that the behavior will occur again. Positive reinforcement is one of the main techniques used in ABA and is used to increase and decrease behavior.
Extinction:
No longer providing reinforcement for challenging behavior. Once we determine why a challenging behavior is occurring, we no longer provide that reinforcement and this decreases the behavior.
Discrete Trial Training (DTT):
a structured 1:1 intensive teaching method that aids in teaching new skills. DTT involves repetition and is often helpful for children who need repeated exposure to an activity to master a skill.
Natural Environment Training:
Focuses on teaching skills in a natural setting through play and child-led activities.

What is a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA)?

A BCBA is a professional in behavior analysis who holds a master’s degree, has completed supervised experience hours, and has passed a certification exam. The individual is required to complete ongoing continuing education hours to maintain their certification. Please see https://www.bacb.com/bcba/ for more information.